Hunt at Parker Ranch Hawaii


Parker Ranch Game Birds

The Island of Hawaii is home to a wide variety of game birds, affording hunting opportunity that can be experienced in few other places. Fourteen varieties of winged game, of all sizes, shapes, and origins are presently available to Parker Ranch hunters. Some have existed on the island 150 years or more, others less than 50. Many share a common habitat. In a single hunting excursion, one may experience the explosive flush of a 3-ounce Japanese quail alongside the impressive rise of a 20-pound wild turkey. This large selection of game, coupled with the Ranch’s varied habitat, provides challenge for both the novice and experienced upland game bird hunter.

Wild Turkeys

Wild turkeys were the first birds deliberately introduced as game in Hawaii in 1788, and the Rio Grande variety is well established on the island. These birds are particularly plentiful on Parker Ranch, which offers a fall either-sex hunt, and a spring hunt for bearded gobblers.

By 1865, Ring-necked Pheasants and California Valley quail were well established on the island and provided sport shooting. Both birds are available to Ranch hunters. The locally popular Blue (Melanistic Mutant) pheasant is also present on the Ranch, as are hybrids with the Ring-neck. Plumage of these birds is popular in Hawaii feathered lei making.

Chukars were successfully introduced on the island in 1949 and populate large areas of Mauna Kea. They can generally be found in the higher Ranch elevations near rocky outcroppings.

The three species of Francolins that are found on the Ranch, natives of Africa and southern Asia, along with the Indian sandgrouse, are results of a 1960’s U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service importation and release program. The Erckel’s francolin is well established island wide, and found on large portions of Parker Ranch. It is a pheasant-sized bird that holds well for dogs and is a strong flier. The smaller Black and Gray francolins have a preference for drier lower coastal areas of the Ranch. The Black francolin cock is a spectacularly colored game bird and makes an attractive mount.

Sandgrouse are related to pigeons, and are strong, rapid fliers. They tend to congregate in pasture areas where water is present. Care should be taken not to confuse them with the migratory Golden plover, which is not a game bird.

Hawaii’s organized game bird introduction programs were supplemented by importation, rearing, and release efforts undertaken by local ranches. A 1960’s era game bird release program conducted by the owners of adjacent Puu Waawaa Ranch was responsible for the establishment of the Himalaya-native Kalij pheasant, which is now plentiful island wide, and generally found in the forested areas of the Ranch.

Following is a summary of game birds found in the varied habitats of Parker Ranch:

  • Chukar (Alectoris chukar)
  • Barred (Zebra) Dove (Geopelia striata)
  • Spotted (Lace-necked) Dove (Streptopelia chinesis)
  • Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus)
  • Erckel’s Francolin (Francolinus erckelii)
  • Gray Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus)
  • Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelana)
  • Melanistic Mutant (“Blue”) Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus mut. tenebrosis)
  • Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
  • California Quail (Callipepla californica)
  • Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica)
  • Chestnut-bellied (Indian) Sandgrouse (Pterocles exustus)
  • Rio Grande Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Parker Ranch Game Mammals

There are two game mammals available to hunt on Parker Ranch:

  • Wild Pig ( Sus scrofa )
  • Wild Goats ( Capra hircus )


Pigs were introduced to the Hawaiian Islands by Polynesian voyagers about 1500 years ago. Mauna Kea pigs are believed closest descendants of the original arrivals, while their forest dwelling cousins sometimes exhibit size and coloration characteristics of escaped domestic swine. Mauna Kea boars found on Parker Ranch are noted for their long blades (tusks), sometimes approaching 6 inches in length. Average weight of these mountain pasture boars is 120 pounds. They are predominately black in color, although an occasional dark brown animal is seen.


Goats were introduced to Hawaii by Captain James Cook in 1778. They were well known in Hawaii by 1793, and reported as abundant by 1850. From 1844 to 1900, 1,581,000 goat skins were exported from the Hawaiian Islands. Goat control programs were placed into effect early in the 20th Century.

Parker Ranch goats are descendants of gifts to Hawaii kings by Cook, Vancouver, and others. The animal known today as Capra hircus seems to be a mixture of at least three different wild goats from different parts of the Old World. Billies weigh about 100 pounds and can have horn lengths of 30 inches.